For Patients
Springfield Urology.

Urological Diets

Uric Acid Restricted Diet
Calcium Oxalate Restricted Diet
Oxalate Restricted Diet
List of Oxalate Content of Various Foods


Uric Acid Restricted Diet

When uric acid kidney stones are being formed, diatary modification needs to be made.  Increase your intake of foods that create an alkaline urine.

Other Dietary Recommendations

Increase fluid (water) intake.  Drink at least 10-12 glasses of water per day unless local water is hard (hard water contains more calcium)

INCREASE alkaline forming foods:

  • Milk (limit to 2 cups per day)
  • Fruits (especially dried fruits)
  • Vegetables (especially greens, beans and peas)
  • Breads prepared with baking soda or baking powder
  • Fluids (drink approx 10-12 glasses a day)

DECREASE acid forming foods:

  • Meat
  • Eggs
  • Fish
  • Poultry
  • Cereal
  • Pasta
  • Rice
  • Cranberries (juice)
  • Prunes (juice)
  • Plums

Calcium Oxalate Restricted Diet

A dietary modification includes a moderate calcium restriction, moderate phosphorous restriction, additional fluid intake, along with oxalic acid intake restricted to 50mg per day or less.

Other Dietary Recommendations

  • Increase fluid (water) intake.  Drink at least 10-12 glasses of water per day unless local water is hard (hard water contains more calcium)
  • Limit food high in phosphate such as milk, milk products, eggs, organ meats, and whole grains.
  • Limit foods high in oxalic acid (see list below).

Oxalate Restricted Diet

Those individuals who develop hyperoxaluria (increase oxalate excretion in urine) may have an increased incidence of kidney stones.  Successful treatment of hyperoxalluria requires a significant reduction in intake of dietary oxalates.  Listed below are foods that are high in oxalate and should be avoided in the diet. 

Fruits Vegetables Nuts Beverages
Blackberries Asparagus Almonds Chocolates
Cranberries Bean, green wax Cashew nuts Cocoa
Currants Beets Pepper Colas
Figs Beets greens Poppy Seeds Coffee
Gooseberries Chard   Tea
Grapes, Concord Endive    
Lemon Peel Okra    
Oranges Parsley    
Plums Purslane    
Raspberries, black Spinach    
Rhubarb Sweet Potato (yams)    
Strawberries Tomato    

*Highest sources of oxalate

Oxalate Content of Various Foods

(per 100gms) Recommended only 50 mg/day

Avoid Avoid Caution OK OK OK
100+ mg 40-100mg 10-40mg 2-10mg 1mg No oxalate
Beet leaves & roots Celery Apricots Apples Bacon Apple juice
Swiss Chard Collards Beans, green, wax Asparagus Beef Avocado
Cocoa Powder Gooseberries Blackberries Bananas Cauliflower, cook Bing cherries
Parsley Leeks Blueberries Beans, lima Chicken Grapefruit
Peanuts Lemon peel Broccoli Bread, white Chives Haley peaches
Peanut Butter Okra Brussel Sprouts Cabbage Cherries, red Lemon juice
Rhubarb Orange peel Cake, fruit Cake, sponge Chocolate, unsweet Lime juice
Spinach Ovaltine Carrots Chicken soup Coffee Mangoes
Soybean crackers Potatoes sweet Cauliflower, raw Corn Cola drinks All melons
Wheat germ Raspberries, Black Cucumbers Cornflakes Haddock Nectarines
    Currants, Cranberry juice Ham Thompson grapes
    Dandelion greens Currants, black Oatmeal  
    Eggplant Grape juice Rice  
    Endive Lettuce Turnip roots  
    Grapes, Concord> Mustard greens    
    Onions Orange juice    
    Orange pulp Parsnips    
    Peppers Pineapple, canned    
    Turnip greens Plums    
    Raspberries (red) Prunes    
    Rutabagas Potatoes, white    
    Squash, green Radishes    
    Strawberries Tea, leaf    

 Animal foods such as meat, fish, milk, eggs, and butter contain negligible amounts of oxalate.

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